Recently added

This page provides an overview over the latest downloads from all sections. Please use the left hand menu to explore all downloads of the different sections.
 
All downloads are free of charge.

Molybdenum - Essential for life
27/10/2016
This brochure examines how molybdenum supports life, its availability in natural sources, recommended dietary allowances and how it is used in applications as diverse as agriculture and medicine.
IMOA Annual Review 2015/2016
30/09/2016
MolyReview issue 2, 2016
22/08/2016
Wearing moly gets trendy * New horizons for London’s tigers * Stainless steel sparkles in NYC * Molypermalloy sends clear signals * Guide to high-performance alloys * IMOA news
MolyReview issue 1, 2016
26/02/2016
Drinking water – Saving every drop * Propelling the boating world * A stomach of (stainless) steel * One hundred years of safety * Molybdenum’s nuclear mission * IMOA news
Safe Food Preparation Using Stainless Steel
07/01/2016
This brochure, issued by Team Stainless, summarises the conclusions of an independent report which confirms that stainless steel continues to be safe to use for food preparation.
Building & Construction Stainless Steel Library
released in 2015
This downloadable comprehensive stainless steel library includes a collection of over 360 pdfs and was developed for firms in the architecture, building and construction industry. The information is categorized based on six primary topic areas:

  • Applications
  • Finishes
  • Alloy Selection & Specification
  • Fabrication/Cleaning
  • Structural Design
  • Sustainability & Health.

Subfiles further categorize the information by topic. In addition to brochures, articles, and case studies, there are current specification and guideline and international finish supplier lists.

MolyReview issue 2, 2015
21/09/2015
Molybdenum at work in the dentist’s office * A breath of fresh air * Moly rescues a lady in distress * Mobile cranes reach higher * A new stainless steel lighthouse * IMOA news
IMOA Annual Review 2014/2015
11/09/2015
A Sustainable World with Molybdenum
17/07/2015
‘A Sustainable World with Molybdenum’ brings together many different examples of molybdenum’s important contribution to global sustainable development including energy efficiency, low carbon power generation, environmental protection, resource conservation and quality of life.
Fundamentals and Applications of Mo and Nb Alloying in High Performance Steels, Volume 2
04/05/2015
Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fundamentals and Applications of Mo and Nb Alloying in High Performance Steels. Held in Jeju Island, South Korea. 24–26 April 2013. Niobium and molybdenum are important alloying elements in steel, improving essential properties such as strength, toughness, as well as corrosion and heat resistance.
Benefits of molybdenum use: The Myllysilta Bridge, Finland
02/04/2015
Duplex stainless steel provides exceptional resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion from chlorides, and is therefore ideally suited to areas exposed to coastal waters and deicing salts. This lifecycle analysis study compared the total environmental impacts of the use of duplex stainless steel containing 3.1% molybdenum to clad the Myllsilta bridge in Finland, compared with mild steel and zinc-epoxy paint. The study found a 62% reduction in global warming potential, a 67% reduction in eutrophication potential and a 38% reduction in non-renewable energy, over the estimated lifetime of the bridge. The selected option also reduced photochemical ozone creation potential by 99%, by dispensing with the need for anti-corrosion paint.
Benefits of molybdenum use: Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts
31/03/2015
Concerns about sulfur dioxide emissions have led to very large reductions in the limits on sulfur in vehicle fuel. Hydrodesulfurization removes sulfur from diesel using molybdenum-based catalysts. This lifecycle analysis study compared the total environmental impacts of burning diesel fuel containing 2000 parts per million (ppm) of sulfur with today’s Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD), containing 10 ppm. The study found that sulfur dioxide emissions are now at least 100 times lower than 1993 levels, with a 24% reduction in acidification potential and a 44% reduction in the impact of particulate matter, both associated with risks to health and the environment.
MolyReview issue 1, 2015
04/02/2015
Stainless rebar keeps traffic flowing * Duplex rigging for glass sails * Lighting the way to a greener future * Reinforcing cliffs and walls * Designing a memorial * IMOA news
IMOA Membership Prospectus
20/10/2014
Practical Guidelines for the Fabrication of High Performance Austenitic Stainless Steel
20/10/2014
Recently added: Italian version (20/10/2014)
IMOA Annual Review 2013/2014
18/09/2014
MolyReview issue 2, 2014
26/08/2014
Molybdenum metal coatings punch above their weight * Molybdenum on point in fencing * An ever-changing masterpiece * Tool steels depend on molybdenum * Wireline for downhole tools * 3D printing – future of manufacturing? * IMOA news
Benefits of molybdenum use: Ford Fusion B-Pillar
07/08/2014
Lightweighting car components using molybdenum-containing advanced high-strength steel (AHSS) can achieve significant environmental savings. This life cycle assessment study, conducted by PE International in collaboration with IMOA, measured the impact of replacing the Ford Fusion’s B-pillar with a new lightweight design manufactured from AHSS. Global Warming Potential (GWP) was reduced by 29%, producing lifetime GWP savings of 165 kg CO2e per car, equivalent to the emissions from driving the vehicle over 1,000 km.
101: Hot forming and heat treatment of duplex stainless steels
released in 2014
102: Bending, cold forming, and springback of duplex stainless steels
released in 2014
103: Machining duplex stainless steels
released in 2014
104: Dissimilar metal welds and weld joint design for duplex stainless steels
released in 2014
105: Welding parameters for duplex stainless steels
released in 2014
Plant Micronutrients
10/06/2014
Molybdenum is essential to plant growth. Deficiencies can be caused by acidic soils which prevent uptake but where there is not enough molybdenum present in the soil, applying fertilizer, seed or foliar treatments can increase productivity significantly. This case study explores the sustainability benefits of correcting molybdenum deficiency, optimizing output from existing agricultural production and helping to meet the needs of a growing population while minimizing the amount of additional land turned over to food production.
Desalination Plants
10/06/2014
Water is essential to life but global supplies are under pressure from population growth and may be unable to sustain total demand by 2025. Desalination plants provide reliable, sustainable supplies of fresh water but need to be constructed from materials that can withstand such hostile environments. This case study explores the sustainability benefits of using molybdenum-containing stainless steel in the construction of seawater desalination plants, greatly increasing resistance to corrosion and enabling cost-effective, reliable operation.
Fundamentals and Applications of Mo and Nb Alloying in High Performance Steels
31/03/2014
Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Fundamentals and Applications of Mo and Nb Alloying in High Performance Steels. Held in Taipei, Taiwan, 7-8 November 2011. Niobium and molybdenum are important alloying elements in steel, improving essential properties such as strength, toughness, as well as corrosion and heat resistance.
Car Body and Chassis Construction
Car Body and Chassis Construction
05/03/2014
Car bodies and chassis are increasingly manufactured from high-strength steel (HSS). This study examines the use of HSS, particularly molybdenum-containing grades, to increase strength and reduce overall weight. Lighter vehicles manufactured with HSS use less fuel and emit less C02 while helping to increase passenger safety. HSS enables weight reductions of 20-25%, with ultra HSS having the potential to reduce weight by a further 20%.
Supercritical and Ultra-supercritical Power Plants
Supercritical and Ultra-supercritical Power Plants
05/03/2014
Coal-fired power plants emit more CO2 per kWh than any other form of generation. This study looks at how molybdenum-containing steels and superalloys are used in modern coal-fired plants to increase high temperature strength and resistance to chlorine-containing flue gases.  These properties enable supercritical and new ultra-supercritical power plants to be run at higher temperatures, increasing thermal efficiency and delivering significant reductions in CO2 emissions.
MolyReview issue 1, 2014
18/02/2014
Racing bikes – steel’s great comeback? * Structural stainless steel * Coloring the world * Keeping it cool * Stainless steel fish scale façade * IMOA news
Stainless Steel for a Sustainable Future
Stainless Steel for a Sustainable Future
11/02/2014
The animation and brochure, issued by Team Stainless, show how stainless steel contributes to a sustainable world in areas including transportation, healthcare, power and water supply and food.

View the interactive animation

IMOA Annual Review 2012/2013
10/09/2013
Applications of Molybdenum Metal and Its Alloys
Applications of Molybdenum Metal and its Alloys
22/08/2013
This publication helps non-experts to learn how molybdenum metal is produced, what its physical, mechanical, and chemical properties are, and how those properties make molybdenum and its alloys the materials of choice in a wide range of applications.
MolyReview issue 2, 2013
15/08/2013
Plants need molybdenum * Molybdenum scrap saves resources * Shale energy revolution * Protecting vital plant equipment * Melting glass with molybdenum * Hurricane-proof * IMOA news
Thin-film photovoltaic solar panels
12/07/2013
Solar power is an increasingly prevalent source of carbon-free, renewable energy generation. New thin-film photovoltaic panels offer significant advantages over traditional arrays in manufacturing, cost and design flexibility. Molybdenum provides several advantages as a component of the back electrode in CdTe cells, and as the sole material of the back electrode in CIGS technology.
Federal Building, San Francisco
12/07/2013
Sunscreens greatly reduce the need for air conditioning in buildings. The Federal Building in San Francisco was built with computer-controlled stainless steel sunscreens which, together with natural ventilation, reduce the energy needed to cool the building by two-thirds. The molybdenum-containing stainless steel is highly corrosion resistant and is specified for a design life of 100 years.
Friends Arena, Stockholm
12/06/2013
Molybdenum is an important alloying element in high-strength steel (HSS), which enables lighter and stronger structures than conventional steel. This study looks at the use of HSS in the Friends Arena, Stockholm, which reduced the quantity of steel used for construction by 17% and also cut greenhouse gas emissions by 17% over the lifetime of the stadium.
MolyReview issue 1, 2013
12/02/2013
Securing molybdenum-99 supply * Stainless steel weaves its web * High-strength steel – sustainable and money saving * Super duplex to keep the Vasa safe * Preserving Acropolis artifacts * IMOA news
IMOA Annual Review 2011/2012
released in 2012
Sustainable Stainless Steel Transit Station Design
released in 2012
MolyReview July 2012
12/07/2012
Molybdenum challenges the seas * Mending the broken heart with a touch of moly * Molybdenum: the next semiconductor material? * Brakes with moly take the heat * San Diego’s new harbor bridge sails onto the skyline * Catalyst project completed – success! * IMOA News
Wrapped with Stainless Steel: Sustainable Facade and Roof - Chinese
released in 2012
Designing on the Waterfront - Avoiding corrosion failures with metal - Chinese
released in 2012
MolyReview January 2012
20/01/2012
Energy-saving stainless steel façades * Bubbling up with stainless * Molybdenum disulfide – a great lubricant * Atomistically molybdenum * Water – our most valuable resource * IMOA AGM 2011 * Symposium on Mo in high performance steel
IMOA Annual Review 2010/2011
released in 2011
MoNb symposium summary
released in 2011
The Use of 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel for Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Applications
22/07/2011
MolyReview July 2011
20/07/2011
The Helix, a complex duplex bridge * Molybdenum markets – an end-use analysis * The discovery of molybdenum * Mo-alloy steels – metallurgy and properties * Moly drills through mountains in mega-moles * IMOA news
Molybdenum in Irons and Steels for Clean and Green Power Generation
21/06/2011
MolyReview January 2011
09/01/2011
Heating homes with household waste * Molybdenum and our health * Can molybdenum help provide the ideal energy source of the future? * “There was never a good knife made of bad steel” (Benjamin Franklin) * The unsolved riddle of molybdenum and corrosion * IMOA reaches new heights!
ECHA CLP-Notification FAQ, Nov 2010
released in 2010
IMOA Annual Review 2009/2010
released in 2010
How to create and submit a C&L notification using the REACH-IT online tool
released in 2010
Global Stainless Steel Cycle Exemplifies China's Rise to Metal Dominance
released in 2010
Selecting Stainless Steel for Optimum Performance
released in 2010
MolyReview July 2010
20/07/2010
Moly beats in the heart of ships * Living above it all: The world’s tallest residences * Molybdenum – a real superhero in medicine * Molybdenum in its most beautiful form * Duplex 2205: The new choice for nuclear power piping * Particles on collision course * Seminar on Mo in steels held in Beijing * IMOA rated highly effective by members.
MolyReview January 2010
20/01/2010
Molybdenum preserving Venice * Catalyst research for a better energy future * Molybdenum enlarges your viewing pleasure * Chrome-moly steels are cranking the engines * Studies reveal low toxicity of moly in fresh waters * Stainless steel lets wastewater treatment plant shine * IMOA – 21st annual general meeting, 2009.
Introductory Guidance on the CLP Regulation
released in 2009
Guidance on the Application of the CLP Criteria - Version 4.1 June 2015
released in 2009
Guidance on Hazard Classification of Ores & Concentrates for EU CLP
released in 2009
Stainless Steel Inspires Design Metamorphosis
released in 2009
MolyReview July 2009
20/07/2009
Blast furnace stoves get second wind with moly-grade steel * Duplex rebar restores resistance to waves * Moly takes off on Super Jumbo * The A380’s avionics: a heavily shielded civil aircraft * Moly provides key to tropical rainforest growth * Jogging and jumping again with new joints.
Case Study 1: Pittsburgh and Chicago Handrails and Street Furniture
released in 2009
Case Study 2: Minneapolis Exterior Wall Panels and Window Frames
released in 2009
Case Study 3: New York and Miami Light Poles
released in 2009
Case Study 4: Singapore Roofing
released in 2009
Case Study 5: Hong Kong Building Exteriors and Railings
released in 2009
Case Study 6: Canary Islands Railings and Lampposts
released in 2009
Case Study 7: Barcelona Coastal Curtain Wall
released in 2009
Case Study 8: Sao Paulo Building Exterior
released in 2009
Case Study 9: Australian Costal Fence
released in 2009
Case Study 10: New York Pier Railings
released in 2009
Case Study 11: Thames Barrier
released in 2009
Case Study 12: Milan Builden Exterior
released in 2009
Case Study 13: Rio de Janeiro Building Exterior
released in 2009
Case Study 14: New Zealand Coastal Building Exterior
released in 2009
Deicing Salt - Recognizing The Corrosion Threat
released in 2009
MolyReview January 2009
20/01/2009
The longest X80 pipeline in the world * Moly-grade stainless steel makes waves at Middle Eastern Airport * Miners move mountains with moly * Moly keeps mining equipment running * Molybdenum to treat cancer? * First stainless steel lined swimming pools in France * A dose of moly can go a long way * Stainless steel moulded to the goldsmith’s imagination * Symbol of hope crowns Belfast Cathedral * IMOA’s 20th AGM
Classification, Labelling and Packaging Regulation (CLP)
released in 2008
Metallurgical Mo LCI Executive Summary
released in 2008
IMOA Newsletter July 2008
20/07/2008
Obituaries * Lean Duplex Stainless Steel Flexible Flowlines for the Kikeh Offshore Oil Field * Super Duplex Stainless Steel for Extended Service Life
IMOA Newsletter January 2008
20/01/2008
19th AGM * Some notes on the Henderson and Climax Mines * Stainless Steel Helps Prevent Deicing Salt Corrosion * Molybdenum-Bearing Duplex Stainless Steel
Stainless Steel Reinforcing Bars (rebars)
released in 2007
Molybdenum - an extraordinary Metal in high Demand
released in 2007
Stainless Steel Pipe - The clear Choice for Pure and Reliable Water Systems
released in 2007
MITF Report on the Environmental Impact of Chromium, Nickel and Molybdenum
released in 2007
In 1998 the Swedish Metals Investigation Task Force (MITF) published a report on the environmental impact of Chromium, Nickel and Molybdenum, for consideration by the Swedish Government when policy-making on metals and the environment. It is a comprehensive study on the distribution and bio-availability of Cr, Ni and Mo in that country. This summary of extracts of the main molybdenum-related texts is reproduced with the kind permission of Jernkontoret (Swedish Steel Industry Association).
IMOA Newsletter July 2007
20/07/2007
Traditional and Emerging Applications of Molybdenum Metal and Its Alloys
Molybdenum and Stainless Steel - about Mines and Markets
released in 2007
IMOA Newsletter January 2007
20/01/2007
18th AGM Vienna *  Molybdenum – Uses, Consumption, Sources and Prices * REACH legislation adopted . . . prepare for 1 June 2007
Chemical Mo LCI Executive Summary
released in 2006
Stainless Steel Evaluation Software Program
IMOA Site and Design Evaluation System
released in 2006
This program is designed to help specifiers select appropriate stainless steels and surface finishes for applications where corrosion staining is aesthetically unacceptable, even if there is no structural deterioration.

It should be read with the IMOA Leaflet "Which Stainless Steel Should Be Specified for Exterior Applications?" (s. above), which explains how surface finish, design, the type of stainless steel, and maintenance influence performance.

You can launch the program right now. It requires Adobe Flash Player 5 or later.

Launch now


Software Disclaimer

The International Molybdenum Association (IMOA) and Australian Stainless Steel Development Association (ASSDA) believe that the information presented is technically correct. However, neither IMOA nor ASSDA represent or warrant the accuracy of the information contained in this spreadsheet or its suitability for any general or specific use. The material contained herein is by necessity general in nature; it should not be used or relied upon for any specific or general application without first obtaining competent advice. IMOA, ASSDA, their members, staff and consultants specifically disclaim any and all liability or responsibility of any kind for loss, damage, or injury resulting from the use of the information contained in this software.
[ See also Website Disclaimer ]

IMOA Newsletter July 2006
20/07/2006
18th AGM * IMOA’s leading role as Team Stainless film wins “Oscar” * New IMOA website * High Molybdenum Containing Stainless Steels Help Provide Fresh Water to the World : By Dr. Jim Fritz, TMR Stainless (Consultants to IMOA) * Type 316L Stainless Steel Used in the Largest Potable Water Ultrafiltration Plant in the Western Hemisphere: By Dr. Gary Carinci, TMR Stainless, Pittsburgh, USA * Molybdenum Containing Alloy Sales for FGD Applications are Booming: By Dr. Gary Carinci, TMR Stainless, Pittsburgh, USA
IMOA Newsletter January 2006
29/01/2006
17th Annual General Meeting * Molybdenum Boosts the Corrosion Performance of Stainless Steel Handrails * Chicago's New Type 316 Skyline
Successful Stainless Swimming Pool Design
released in 2005
Glass Walkway in the Basilica of Aquileia, Italy
11/10/2005
This Euro Inox case study describes the glass and stainless steel walkway at the Basilica of Aquileia, Italy UNESCO World Heritage site over the 4th century stone mosaic floor.
Which Stainless Steel Should Be Specified for Exterior Applications?
released in 2005
IMOA Newsletter July 2005
20/07/2005
17th Annual General Meeting * HSE Management * Chemical Applications of Molybdenum "Understanding molybdenum chemistry and applications" - Philip C.H. Mitchell
IMOA Newsletter January 2005
20/01/2005
16th AGM * 'Molybdenum Containing Stainless Steel Keeps Hot Spring Water Tanks Running' by Dr Koichiro Osozawa, Consultant to Yakin Kawasaki Co Ltd * 'Thanks to Molybdenum Stainless Steel, Swimming Pools Last “Forever”' by IMOA’s Technical Director, Dr Nicole Kinsman * 'New US Air Force Memorial Will Use Type 316' by Catherine Houska, TMR Stainless
Understanding Molybdenum Chemistry and Applications
released in 2004
IMOA Newsletter July 2004
20/07/2004
"Table Salt Manufacturing Plants" by Dr Koichiro Osozawa, Consultant to Yakin Kawasaki Co Ltd * IMOA's market development programme
IMOA Newsletter January 2004
29/01/2004
AGM 2004 * IMOA Co-Organises Stainless Steel Session at SAE World Congress * Moly does the Job * New 7 World Trade Centre Uses Type 316 Stainless Steel * New IMOA Publications * The Economics of Molybdenum
Moly does the Job: Swimming Pools
released in 2003
Molybdenum brings safety into swimming pool buildings. This case study has been kindly contributed by Dr Peter Dierschke, Materials Consultant to the Hempel Special Metals Group, Oberhausen, Germany
Moly does the Job: Chemical process vessel
released in 2003
Stainless steel with 6% Mo improves equipment efficiency and eliminates costly repair. This case study has been provided by Thomas Stoner of Hercules Incorporated and Kelly Wyrough of Roben Manufacturing and was written by IMOA consultant John Grocki.
Assaying of Ferromolybdenum
released in 2003
Assaying of RMC
released in 2003
Assaying Molybdenite Concentrates
released in 2003
IMOA Newsletter July 2003
20/07/2003
Moly containing stainless steel spire graces Dublin * Moly brings safety into swimming pool buildings * EU new chemicals policy - the facts
IMOA Newsletter January 2003
20/01/2003
New IMOA Publications Available * Moly Does the Job * Fifteen Thousand Metric Tons of Molybdenum for Nuclear Waste Containers in the US?
Moly does the Job: Heat exchanger in rendering plant
released in 2002
A rendering plant has been using a Type 304L stainless steel (SS) heat exchanger to condense the rendering cooker gases and heat plant water. This case study has been provided by Dave Bennett of M&M Engineering and has been written up by IMOA consultant John Grocki of Advantage Resources Consulting.
Moly does the Job: Handrails
released in 2002
Molybdenum keeps street handrails safe and attractive. This article has been written by an IMOA consultant, Catherine Houska of TMR Stainless, who will play a leading part in IMOA’s effort to promote molybdenum containing stainless steels in the area of outdoor applications in architecture, building and construction.
IMOA Newsletter July 2002
20/07/2002
The EU New Chemicals Policy …and the impact it will have on the worldwide Molybdenum industry * Moly Does the Job * 4th European Stainless Steel Science and Market Congress * IMOA’s Market Development Programme
EU New Chemicals Policy Update
released in 2002
EU New Chemicals Policy - update 2, June 2002
IMOA Newsletter January 2002
20/01/2002
13th Annual General Meeting * Appointment of Technical Director to IMOA * Molybdenum Keeps Street Handrails Safe and Attractive * New, High-Molybdenum Ferritic Stainless Steel Replaces Aluminum Brass Condenser Tubing in Japanese Power Plants * IMOA’s Training Seminars on the Fabrication of Duplex Stainless Steel
Moly does the Job: Hot water pipe in food manufacturing
released in 2001
A large, international, food manufacturing company encountered through-wall leaks in a Type 304 stainless steel hot water line after only two years of service. Nicole Kinsman, formerly of Technical Marketing Resources, consultants to IMOA, is the author.
Moly does the Job: Condenser in power plant
released in 2001
Many aging US power plants have copper alloy condensers that are suffering from erosion or corrosion. Many power plants have solved the problem permanently by replacing the tube bundles with 4 to 6% molybdenum- containing stainless steels. Edward Blessman of Trent Tube, East Troy, Wisconsin, contributed the information in this article and IMOA would like to thank him for his assistance. Nicole Kinsman, formerly of Technical Marketing Resources (Consultants to IMOA) is the author.
IMOA Newsletter July 2001
20/07/2001
Moly does the job * Duplex training seminars * Life cycle inventory for Molybdenum products
IMOA Newsletter January 2001
20/01/2001
12th AGM Paris Report * Moly does the job * Visit to De Poli Shipyard
Applications of Molybdenum in Environmental and Human Health Protection
released in 2000
The Part Played by Molybdenum with Prevention and Minimisation of Pollution * The Influence of Molybdenum in Materials for Containment and Processing of Pollutants * Application of Molybdenum-Containing Nickel Alloys and High Alloy Stainless Steels * Prevention of Pollution.
IMOA Newsletter July 2000
20/07/2000
Moly does the job in nuclear power applications * Stainless Steel World 1999 * Duplex America 2000
Moly does the Job: Service water system in nuclear power plant
released in 2000
A North American nuclear power plant originally had a lined carbon steel service water piping system. The system began to deteriorate within a few years of installation, especially at the welded joints of the carbon steel piping.
Molybdenum
released in 1998
Introduction * History * Resources * Extraction & Production Processes * Products * Prices * Applications * Recent Developments * Health & The Environment * IMOA
Weighing and sampling of Molybdenite Concentrates
released in 1997
Weighing and sampling of Ferromolybdenum
released in 1997
Weighing and Sampling of RMC
released in 1997
The Evolution of High Performance Stainless Steels
released in 1993